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Tutorials :: Linux Kernel Software Development

Linux Kernel Driver Device Trees ↗
Tuesday' 17-Jan-2023
The Linux kernel is the backbone of the Linux operating system. A device tree is a hierarchical tree structure that describes the various devices that are present in a system, including their properties and relationships to one another. The device tree is used by the Linux kernel to identify and initialize the different devices on a system, and to provide a consistent interface for interacting with them.

Tracking code changes in Linux Kernel Source code ↗
Saturday' 13-Mar-2021

Roadmap - How to become Linux Kernel Developer - Device Drivers Programmer and a Systems Software Expert ↗
Saturday' 13-Mar-2021
Many viewers and even sometimes my students ask me how I can become a kernel programmer or just device driver developer and so on. So I shot this video (and an add-on video) where I summarized steps and a roadmap to become a full-fledged Linux Kernel Developer.

What is a Linux Kernel Module - a Big Picture ↗
Saturday' 01-Jan-2022
Learning Linux Kernel Programming is always fascinating and yet challenging. So generally you may tend to learn Kernel Module programming, since such a module can be dynamically plugged into running Linux Kernel. But this will lead to confusion, and many assume kernel source is mostly a collection of these modules. Which in reality is not. Not just that, when we say Kernel Module, its a vaguely defined term. The term Module (as we know) is nothing but a collection of APIs, bunch of variables and associated data-structures. Which may or may not be a plugable kernel module. If you ask me, I am a fan of wiring Linux Kernel Modules, which may not be necessarily a pluggable kernel module. It all boils down to the address space at which these modules function inside a monolithic Linux Kernel. Which is nothing but Linux Kernel's address space. Hence here is my detailed multi-episode Youtube video series on Linux Kernel modules, a big picture and the significance of the

Kernel customization via make menuconfig - Linux Kernel Compilation (or a Kernel Build) ↗
Saturday' 13-Mar-2021
Here is a detailed Youtube video on Linux Kernel custom compilation and customization via make menuconfig interface

Raspberry Pi GPIO Pins - Raw Kernel Access via sysfs - GPIO Linux Kernel Drivers ↗
Saturday' 01-Jan-2022
Here is a my multi-episode Youtube video series of me doing a live code (Code with Kiran Series). Linux Kernel GPIO drivers of Raspberry Pi offers access/control directly via sysfs filesystem interface. But often people don't see this aspect, instead as a part of IoT, they assume these GPIO pins can be only accessed by some Python, Java or C/C++ code libraries. But in the real case those libraries are just an abstract layer written around the core Kernel GPIO driver's sysfs filesystem. So here is an attempt where we learn this aspect in systems architecture point of view. And then later try to attempt writing such user-space GPIO control code without any third-party libraries. Since the sysfs driver access is via regular files (user-space context), we can now use any language of our choice and access the same like any files. In that process we can attempt writing our own bunch of abstract APIs resembling a typical GPIO access library.

Linux Kernel Tasklets | Big-Picture | vs User-Space pthreads ↗
Saturday' 01-Jan-2022
Linux Kernel Tasklets and Work queues are somewhat similar to user-space process threads in terms of the functionality and of course not in terms of its operation or its internal architecture. You can schedule Tasklet(s) for a registered function to run later. So typically the Interrupt top half (of the interrupt handler) performs a small amount of critical work (not to be confused with critical section), and then schedules such as a tasklet to execute later at the bottom half.

Code with Kiran - Live Coding | Linux Kernel Programming | Kernel Libraries ↗
Saturday' 01-Jan-2022
Here is a my multi-episode Youtube video series of me doing a live code (Code with Kiran Series). Linux Kernel source consists of many libraries within. For example such as to create and manage Linked Lists, String Operations, Encryption Algorithms, Compression Algorithms, and so on. In the Kernel, various Kernel Modules (including various Device Drivers) will use these Kernel inclusive Libraries. Unlike user-space programming, in Kernel Space when you code, you have to use these Libraries which are actually part of kernel (i.e sharing the same address space). And in some cases you can also make your own libraries and publish as well. In the case of user-space programs, we use third-party libraries (explicit or implicit), but that cannot happen when you code in kernel space. The libraries share the same address space and they are part of Linux Kernel mainline source. Hence it is important to understand the significance of using such library as demonstrated in my video series bel

Tracking Linux Kernel bugs in Kernel.org Bugzilla (or Bugzee as we call it in the Industry) ↗
Saturday' 13-Mar-2021
Here is a detailed Youtube video on tracking Linux Kernel bugs via Kernel.org Bugzilla (or Bugzee as we call it in the Industry)

Linux Kernel Programming | with or without Kernel Modules | Device Drivers ↗
Saturday' 01-Jan-2022
When learning Linux Kernel programming, often I notice my students and viewers gets confused and they start with learning writing Linux Kernel modules. And so they develop the common misconception about Kernel Programming in general. They assume writing code in Linux Kernel means writing kernel modules. Which is absolutely not. Kernel modules are an optional choice and are part of Linux Kernel. But besides modules, Linux Kernel has lot of other mainstream code. Hence if anyone wants to be a Kernel Developer, you should be aware that sometimes you add new code via modules, sometimes without them. And if you ask me, I am not much in favor of writing Kernel modules. Instead in my code, I try to integrate and make them a part of Linux Kernel so that they all get initialized during boot time. Here is an extensive Youtube video of mine on Linux Kernel Programming, with and without Kernel Modules.

Adding your own Kernel Modules into Linux Kernel Source | Linux Kernel Programming ↗
Saturday' 13-Mar-2021
Whenever you do custom kernel modules, you can optionally make it a part of existing Linux Kernel source. This does not mean you are submitting your kernel module to the mainline kernel source (i.e kernel.org Linux Kernel Foundation). What I meant is, you can make your kernel module(s) part of Linux Kernel source so that when you compile your kernel you can automatically compile your kernel module(s) too. As well when you create/modify kernel .config configuration file (such as via make menuconfig, etc), you can enable or disable your kernel module(s) too.
To do the same you have to register (and include) your custom Kernel Module's Kconfig and Makefile to the existing Kconfig and Makefile of the Linux Kernel source Here is a detailed multi-episode video of mine which gives the overall idea and the big-picture.

How to submit your Linux Kernel Patch ↗
Saturday' 13-Mar-2021
Today I'm writing about linux kernel patch Philosophy. Oh yes, You are right submitting kernel patches is none less than a Philosophy.

How to upgrade or install a latest current release Linux Kernel version manually in Ubuntu? ↗
Saturday' 13-Mar-2021

KERNEL - The Linux Channel - a High Performance Linux Kernel ↗
Saturday' 13-Mar-2021


☆ Tutorials :: Linux Kernel Internals (PDFs) - by Ramin Farajpour ↗


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Watch on Youtube - [982//0] Online Course - Linux CLI Scripting - Episode9 - $nl command ↗

libpcap Library | Linux User-space Network Stack Development ↗
Sunday' 06-Aug-2023
libpcap is a very popular user-space networking library, with which you can capture and or generate packets. libpcap is the underlying framework for many popular packet capture tools such as tcpdump, Wireshark and so on. In fact libpcap is a part of tcpdump project. But besides just using it as a packet capture tool, you can use libpcap in various applications, such as user-space based networking stack development, etc. In some cases libpcap is yet another alternative to raw-sockets and tun/tap interfaces.

The Linux Channel :: Sponsors ↗
Monday' 30-May-2022
Here is a list of all The Linux Channel sponsors/donors (individual/companies).

Inline Programming | Assembly | Scripts | php, python, shell, etc | Rust in Linux Kernel ↗
Friday' 12-May-2023
Inline programming is a technique where code statements are included directly in the text of a program, instead of being contained in separate files or modules. Inline programming can be useful for small or simple tasks, as it can eliminate the need for a separate script or function. One common example of inline programming is using JavaScripts, Php, etc in HTML documents to create dynamic content. Similarly in Linux Kernel we can find lot of instances where we can find inline programming such as inline assembly and now Rust within the Kernel source.

Linux Kernel /sysfs Interface ↗
Saturday' 14-May-2022
/sysfs is one of the most popular kernel to user-space interface which you can leverage to add an interface to your Kernel code such as Kernel modules, Kernel Device Drivers, etc. Although personally I prefer /proc interface than other alternatives such as /sysfs, ioctl() and so on for my personal Kernel modules/stack. So here is my detailed multi-episode Youtube video series on /sysfs Interface.

Rockchip ROC-RK3566-PC from Firefly | OpenWRT ↗
Thursday' 19-Oct-2023
Here is my multi-episode video series on evaluation of Rockchip ROC-RK3566-PC from Firefly with stock OpenWRT firmware.

What is purpose of Kernel Development - Example SMOAD Networks SDWAN Orchestrator Firewall Kernel Engine ↗
Monday' 18-Jul-2022
Often aspiring students may have this question, that what is the purpose of Linux Kernel Development. Since Linux Kernel is very mature and it has almost everything one would need. Usually, we need custom kernel development in the case of any new driver development for new upcoming hardware. And this happens on and on. But at times we may also come across few features/modules/components which are already provided by the Linux Kernel which are not adequate or atleast not the way we exactly intended to use. So, this is the real-world example, sometimes no matter what Linux Kernel provides as a part of stock Kernel/OS features, sometimes we have to write our own custom kernel stack or module(s) which can specifically cater our exact needs.

Linux Kernel Driver Device Trees ↗
Tuesday' 17-Jan-2023
The Linux kernel is the backbone of the Linux operating system. A device tree is a hierarchical tree structure that describes the various devices that are present in a system, including their properties and relationships to one another. The device tree is used by the Linux kernel to identify and initialize the different devices on a system, and to provide a consistent interface for interacting with them.

Linux Kernel vs User-space - Library APIs - Linux Kernel Programming ↗
Friday' 27-Oct-2023
One of the important aspects a beginner who is into Linux Kernel space systems software development has to understand is that unlike user-space C/C++ programming, where you can freely include any library APIs via respective #include files (which are dynamically linked during run-time via those /lib .so files), in the case of Kernel space programming, these library APIs are written within the Kernel source itself. These are the fundamental APIs which we commonly use, such as memcpy(), memcmp(), strlen(), strcpy(), strcpy() and so on. So here is my detailed Youtube video episode on the same with live demo, walk-through and examples.

Porting Sample libpcap C code to Raw Sockets | User-space Network Stack Framework ↗
Monday' 04-Sep-2023
Here is my multi-episode video series where I demonstrate how you can port the my libpcap sample code, discussed in the earlier episode to raw-socket. This code should further help you to design and architect your own user-space Network stack on top of this fundamental framework.

Roadmap - How to become Systems Software Developer ↗
Friday' 13-May-2022
When you are at the beginning of your career or a student, and aspire to become a software developer, one of the avenues to choose is to become a hard-core Systems Software Developer. However it is easier said than done, since there are many aspects to it as you explore further. As a part of systems developer, you can get into core kernel space developer, kernel device drivers developer, embedded developer and get into things like board bring-up, porting, etc, or can become a user-space systems programmer, and so on. So here is my detailed multi-episode Youtube video series on Roadmap - How to become Systems Software Developer.


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Tail Drop - by Network Schedulers to Drop Packets in Network Appliances ↗
Saturday' 13-Mar-2021



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